The regular practice of some physical exercises is associated with better health in general and, in particular, with the prevention of certain diseases. But what happens if a diabetic person performs physical activity? What are the effects of training on diabetes?
Playing sports improves the overall health of the human body. But if the factors are reversed, it is interesting to understand how a given pathology can affect a person’s training routine. Especially if it’s a chronic disease. If you want to know the effects of training on diabetes, don’t miss this article.
General benefits of physical activity
It has been shown that people with regular physical activity live longer and have a better quality of life. There is a global campaign to combat the sedentary lifestyle, which is the cause of many cardiovascular diseases.
In addition to improving your blood sugar level, the benefits of exercise are very varied for your body. For example, it promotes greater calorie consumption and weight loss. It helps maintain normal blood cholesterol and triglyceride levels. It improves blood pressure, keeping it within normal values.
Daily physical training also produces a sense of well-being and contributes to better social integration . The benefits of sporting activity also affect the social area of the person, as well as health, well-being, weight control, etc.
Main effects of training on diabetes
If you suffer from diabetes, you should know that practicing physical activity will help you tremendously. If you have done sports before the onset of the disease, you should try to take it back and do it regularly.
However, if it is a high-intensity sport, it is advisable to plan a period of adaptation. You will progressively increase the intensity and frequency of your efforts, so as not to affect your well-being.
On the contrary, if you did not do any physical activity before, it is time to start: you have no more excuses! You will focus this effort on controlling your blood sugar and achieving or maintaining the appropriate weight.
Exercise will help you reduce your blood sugar in different ways. On the one hand, training increases insulin sensitivity, which will be better exploited in glucose consumption during and after exercise. To this, we must add the contraction of the muscles. during physical activity. causes cells to consume more glucose as an energy source.
The hypoglycemic action of training can last up to 24 hours later. This will make the body more sensitive to insulin.
Keep in mind that if you suffer from diabetes you can check your glucose levels before and after training. In other words, you will be able to evaluate the benefits of physical activity and also to find the type of exercise that best suits your needs.
Effects of training on type I diabetes
In the case of patients suffering from type I diabetes mellitus, we must be patient: in fact, it is possible that the exercise does not allow better control of the disease immediately. For the training to have the desired effect, it is necessary to do it more frequently. Better if every day.
This activity will also have to take into account some factors, such as time, intensity and duration. It is also necessary to check the glucose level before exercise and the amount of insulin used.
Before starting your workouts, you will need to inject the insulin into the muscles that will not be used during training. You can also adapt the weight card according to the meals and the action of the insulin.
On the other hand, it is preferable that the exercise is done every day at the same time. A good trick is to consume an extra dose of carbohydrates, before or during exercise, to avoid hypoglycemia.
Effects of training on type II diabetes
Also, in the case of type II diabetes mellitus, the benefits of physical exercise are concrete. Many studies have shown that physical activity is able to prevent it in high-risk patients. It is also very effective to control it, contributing to the reduction of body weight. Furthermore, doing sports helps keep blood pressure within normal limits.
The effects of training on diabetes are similar to those of drugs used to treat this disease. Sport is, therefore, to be considered an effective natural remedy.
The ideal exercises are those of an aerobic nature, as they promote circulation and help control weight. It is important that training is daily. Finally, in order to benefit from all the effects of training on diabetes, remember to always maintain the same intensity and duration of physical effort.